When the sprouts get 2-3 leaves on them, which is around the 2-6 month mark, you will need to repot. Room-temperature water is ideal for African violets. Allow it to soak into the plant for an hour. how to separate division of small plant from the mother plant and repot and success of blooms. But if you want to re-pot your plant, here’s how. Now what? Thanks again! You’ll be placing the leaf stems in here. Another reason this could happen is that there are too many leaves on the violet. The best method to ensure near-constant blooming is to use artificial lighting. It is a great boomer but the stem has gotten so long that it won’t stand up right anymore. The soil should be… Read more ». African violets are easy to propagate by rooting a leaf cutting in water or vermiculite. 2.Â Be sure that you cut as close to the root as possible. The African Violet ( Saint Paulia ) is a very popular houseplant, loved for it’s colorful flowers. If the leaves you cut are too tall to fit inside the container, there’s an easy fix for that. African violets (Saintpaulia spp.) When selecting a leaf cutting, choose middle-sized leaves, cut them with about an inch of leaf stem (called the petiole). After reading your article, I have started my own little green house. Nowadays, chloramine is also used. The mother leaf died first, then the baby… For the soil I used sphagnum moss and perlite, all was in the greenhouse. Occasionally, I'll see ears in as little as two or three weeks, but four to six weeks is more likely. Did you like this article? Gardening Guides: How to Propagate an African Violet from a Leaf. The trunk starts upwards from the base of the soil and ends at the leaves of the plants. You must have the violet touch! A little confused . Remember that without any roots on a leaf cutting it’s not pulling up much, if any, moisture from the soil, so it’ll sit in consistently wet soil and slowly rot. Plan to do this project in the spring. I currently have about 40 babies growing all over my house and am now experimenting with a few things such as use of supplemental grow lights and containers that won’t break the budget with good success (eggs shells that come with their own clam covers. When changing the water, be careful not to disturb or damage the leaves or roots that will eventually form. Photos by Matt Suwak. I have three I’m cuttings I’m caring for now and I think I should show them this picture so they know what to aim for. The new plant rosettes will form from this area. Will I have babies anyway? Firm the soil around the stems so that the leaves are upright and in place. That’s why I used a rooting hormone for this project, to help these cuttings establish themselves. Source: Propagating an African Violet | Penelope Peru Photography P³ African Violets (Saintpaulia Ionantha) are one of the most common houseplants and … Repotting these violets once or twice a year is helpful to remove the unsightly neck. But plastic forks – or even toy Army men – could be used. African violets need bright, indirect light such as from a south- or east-facing window, although direct sunlight can burn the leaves. I’d suggest leaving it for now and monitoring its growth, and if the parent plant begins to look a little stressed it’s time to remove the new one. Your goal is to remove the bottom of the root ball in an an amount equal to the length of the neck; in other words, if your violet has 1″ neck you want to remove 1″ of soil and roots from the bottom of the root… Read more », Awesome post! Many thanks! Cold water has come into contact with the violet, leaving telltale damage. Walter discovered the plant in 1892 (the first year a game of basketball was played and when Coca-Cola was incorporated, for the history buffs out there) and sent seeds to his father in Germany. Carefully tap off the extra powder from the leaf stem. So long as a few basic conditions are met, Saintpaulia is an amiable houseplant. It does not take long to be able to recognize the fact if your plant likes their spot. It’s also why you typically find African violets sold Matryoska-like in a no-frills pot stacked within a decorative pot lacking drainage holes. These leaves should be well-developed and healthy. If they’re happy then they’re good! It should look like a delicious crumbled cookie concoction. African violet seeds take around 8 to 14 days to germinate. The edges of the leaves may turn upwards, turn yellow, or develop holes. Thanks! Leave them in bright light for 2 to 4 weeks. It is vital that the container can close tightly, locking up the potted cuttings in a warm and humid environment. The leaves forming from the very center of the plant are the youngest, and the largest leaves on the outside are the oldest. The first, inferior method is to water the plants from the top with room-temperature water, being careful to avoid wetting the leaves. I keep mine in a small container and water that container directly, allowing the violet to soak up what it needs through the drainage holes. (Shh, I used one from our baking set; don’t tell my fiance!) I’ve never seen that, what a funky happening. For simplicity’s sake I harvested leaves from a single plant, five total leaves for propagation. Growing African Violets from Leaf Cuttings Propagating African violets from leaf cuttings is the most popular method because it’s so easy and successful. Matt, thank you for the propagation information. Other factors are rooting medium, your growing conditions, and variety. By your article am I watering them too much? Drainage is always important for potted plants, but if you’re careful with your watering and don’t put in too much you should be fine without the drainage. The temperature has dropped too drastically. I used a few two-inch pots that were leftover from some succulents I purchased a few months ago. They were also a favorite plant to bring home, and in the years I’ve spent caring for these tough yet delicate plants, I’ve learned the ins and outs of the African violet. I told about a 23 year old violet in my sunroom that my husband’s puppy stripped of most of its leaves in order to bury her rawhide chew. You could try cutting off the top of the leaf (above the baby plant) and some of the edges and re-burying the leaf stem a little deeper into the rooting medium, getting the baby closer to the potting mix. I never let… Read more ». Propagating African Violets is not hard at all. There always seem to be a few lying around. Propagating Saintpaulia is relatively easy. African violets grow best in well-drained, slightly acidic soil. I put a leaf in soil for propagation but not deep enough. Below are three images of an African Violet … I suspect that I might have overmoistened it… Please advise. Position this container in an area that is bright, but not hot. Always save those pots! Err on the side of a little too dry rather than a little too moist with your violets. For this kind of delicate work, I prefer to use pruners, like the Fiskars Softtouch Micro-Tip Pruning Snips. Most plants and seeds are not trademarked, but it is important to read all tags first. 4. Its survival along with my own has been very symbolic for me. 23 years ago I was in the hospital after breast cancer surgery and reconstruction. By: burgundy bug African Violet leaf. Ah, the moment we’ve all been waiting for! Carefully close the lid tight, ensuring that the cuttings and pots all fit inside of the container. Like soy sauce, a little rooting hormone goes a long way. Don't pick any old leaf, you must select a suitable leaf to use. 5. The African Violet ( Saint Paulia ) is a very popular houseplant, loved for itâs colorful flowers. I love African violets. Too much longer and the plant could have a difficult time establishing, and roots that are shorter can be far too delicate for planting. Could you please elaborate? As long as a leaf looks healthy and crisp, don't give up on it. To my delight, a new plant grew up from the stem about a month later. Use a pencil or any similarly-sized object to poke holes through the soil. No roots just a stalk. That might help it get established and start growing somewhat normally. Let There Be Light. We’ve found that plantlets can be removed from the mother leaf and individually potted anywhere from 3 to 5 months from the date the leaf was first put down. A rather innocuous problem, a lack of flowers typically indicates that the plant is getting too little light. In my long list of “favorite plants,” the African violet sits comfortably somewhere near the top. Not a happy time! Lightly dip each stem into the rooting hormone. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Then we’ll all have something in common. If you need to separate seedlings that are growing too close together, you can do this when the African violet seedlings have leaves that are about 1/4 inch wide. I’m not sure what I’d do with that baby plant — has it grown in the last week? African violets need lots of light. I generally trust plants to know what they’re doing and only intervene if it’s necessary. Once upon a time, chlorine was the only gas used to clean drinking water. Nice work keeping that going for 23 years, that’s very impressive. It’s probably the easiest plant to propagate among common houseplants. Make sure to remove as much of the leaf stem as possible from the crown to prevent rot in the host plant. Select leaves from the middle row of the plant to use as cuttings. Rooting An African Violet In Water. Transfer these plants into a one-size-up container with a 1 part African Violet Mix and 1 part rooting medium mix, the same as the one we put together for the cuttings. It earned a reputation as a finicky plant, difficult to care for and prone to sudden death. Do I leave it or remove it? All you need is a leave from an existing plant. Propping up a few grow lights about 20 inches away from the plants is beneficial. The leaf grew and now I have a baby on the backside of the leaf. You’d want to plant that neck/stalk in some soil so that the bottom leaves of the violet are touching the soil. By the time you’re finished reading this, you’ll be armed and ready to start your own African violet assembly line! Hi Ruby, thanks for reading! So long as a few basic conditions are met, Saintpaulia is an amiable houseplant. Place the potted and soon-to-be-beautiful African violets into the clamshell containers. Then wait for the water to drain out from the bottom and return the violet to its home. I like to let my violets dry out a little, but I never let them sit bone dry. And just think, if enough take you can hand them out as gifts to people, and they can all share in the legacy! Please share with us in the comments! The rooting hormone is unnecessary for African violets. Propagating african violets by leaf stem cuttings. The ones you see here have been in the soil for 3-4 weeks. I love African Violets very much and I really enjoyed your article . Nice work on getting those roots started. A room that gets a lot of sunlight, 10 hours or so a day is an African violets best environment. Some people say to imagine it’s like oatmeal, but I’ve never grabbed a handful of oatmeal before. The leaves will tell you almost right away. Old African violet . For close to four years I was handling hundreds of plants (in addition to the rest of our stock) and am proud to say I lost a mere handful. I hope they’ve all survived and are doing well! Your ultimate goal at this point is to do your best to mimic the natural habitat Saintpaulia originates from. This method is difficult because it’s nearly impossible to avoid wetting the violets. They enjoy their tenderness and beautiful flowers longer, I decided to learn propagate them through leaves. Uncredited photo: Shutterstock. 4. Wow, leaves under the water? That’s fascinating and I haven’t seen anything like it before, either. Read on and find out! You only need a few items for the project: The scale of this operation is up to you, the gardener. This upbringing keeps him permanently affixed to the outdoors where most of his personal time is invested in gardening, bird watching, and hiking. Good question. I’d wait until the spring time before seriously considering it, and even then you can safely wait until those leaves that are forming now are a larger size. A: One of the easiest ways to propagate African violets is … GardenSafe Take Root Rooting Hormone is one of my favorites, and it’s available on Amazon. I also had some pots that had a wick system to continually wick water. I use this one from PUR, available on Amazon, and it serves me very well! Unfortunately, the native cloud-forest habitat of Saintpaulia is under threat from encroaching agriculture. This can take a day or two. Thank you very much for this information how to take care of African violets! a favor and pick one up. This is a combination of chlorine and ammonia, and it does not dissipate without filtering or special treatment. Once the soil begins to feel damp to the touch instead of wet, you can close the roof of… Read more ». African Violet Potting Soil Mix. Caring For Your African Violet. Thanks to your article, I know… Read more ». Let me know how this progresses, it’s an interesting scenario! This can be the result of too much direct summer sun. The second and vastly superior method is to fill the tray or container that your violets sit in with water. 6. If repotting is necessary or desired, aim to do so in the spring of the year. If the water evaporates, add more. March 23, 2019. But you can also pick it up at your local nursery, or find a suitable mixture online. The leaves of some varieties root very quickly, while other varieties certainly take their time. National Geographic author Andrew Evans has written an eye-opening look at the delicate state of African violets in their native habitat, where unscrupulous gatherers are plucking rare species from the jungle to sell to collectors. Begin growing and it ’ s sake I harvested leaves from the mother plant in soil! Ideal “ not too big, not too small ” size for this project, help. 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